Weighted feedback reclaiming for multimedia applications

Despite the numerous proposed alternative schedulers with QoS, multimedia applications are looking for refined methods suitable to ensure service differentiation and dynamic update of protocol parameters. It is designed to cooperate with a HCCA centralized real-time scheduler through the integration of a bandwidth reclaiming scheme, suitable to recover nonexhausted transmission time and assign that to the next polled stations.

UTSS dynamically computes with an complexity transmission time providing an instantaneous resource overprovisioning. The theoretical analysis and the simulation results highlight that this injection of resources does not affect the admission control nor the centralized scheduler but is suitable to improve the performance of the centralized scheduler in terms of mean access delay, transmission queues length, bursts of traffic management, and packets drop rate.

These positive effects are more relevant for highly variable bit rate traffic. Service differentiation tailored to the type of applications and stations requirements is a key issue of Quality of Service QoS provided by a network. The focus of the research on this topic is motivated by the spreading diffusion of multimedia applications that users ask the network to conveniently support.

No document with DOI "10.1.1.149.7493"

IEEE In particular, a new protocol parameter, Transmission Opportunity TXOPhas been introduced in order to guarantee a maximum transmission time for each station, whereas the polling period is managed by the Service Interval SI parameter. The purpose of the other However, since these parameters are set by the reference scheduler as fixed values in time and for the different stations, the network shows poor performances and the QoS management is not yet satisfactory for applications with variable bandwidth, data rate, packet size, and so forth [ 2 — 5 ].

Indeed, in the case of Constant Bit Rate CBR traffic, the network is yet suitable to guarantee the required service, whereas, as far as Variable Bit Rate VBR applications are concerned, it is not able to conveniently follow the traffic changes.

Therefore, in order to meet the QoS applications requirements, the MAC scheduling of stations and resources must be refined by means of more specific differentiation mechanisms. The differentiation of service, in the case of IEEE An example of the latter solution is the instantaneous dynamic computation of resource assignment respecting the admission control that deals with the capacity allocation constrained by the thresholds of available resources.

In this paper a recently proposed scheduling algorithm, Unused Time Shifting Scheduler UTSS [ 6 ], based on a simple reclaiming mechanism, is deeply analyzed. It is inspired by the consideration that in HCCA standard reference scheduler when a station has finished to transmit but it has not exhausted its assigned transmission time, that is, its TXOP, this residue of time is simply lost and the right to transmit is transferred to the next polled station.

In general, this computation takes into account mean traffic conditions, in order to have enough chances to meet stations requirements but, at the same time, avoiding expensive overprovisioning.

Consequently, in the case of VBR traffic, when data rate decreases, the accorded TXOP can exceed the actually used transmission time but, if no reclaiming mechanisms are implemented, the exceeding capacity is lost. Otherwise, if it were possible to keep memory of this not spent transmission time and use that for stations with strict QoS requirements, a more efficient resources management would be possible, without affecting the overall admission control computation.

It simply recovers the nonexhausted portion of TXOP and allocates that to the next polled station. Thus, if this Qos STAtion QSTA experiences an instantaneous increase of data rate not satisfied with its TXOP, the recovered portion of transmission time can absorb the burst of traffic, without violating the QoS of other admitted stations and without eroding their accorded capacity.

The behavior of UTSS will be analyzed both from the analytical and the simulation points of view; considering that, since UTSS is a supplementary mechanism that collaborates with a preexistent algorithm, each effect has to be evaluated with respect to the centralized scheduler that biases the behavior of the global scheduler.The Infona portal uses cookies, i.

The portal can access those files and use them to remember the user's data, such as their chosen settings screen view, interface language, etc. By using the Infona portal the user accepts automatic saving and using this information for portal operation purposes.

weighted feedback reclaiming for multimedia applications

More information on the subject can be found in the Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. By closing this window the user confirms that they have read the information on cookie usage, and they accept the privacy policy and the way cookies are used by the portal.

You can change the cookie settings in your browser. Submitting the report failed. Please, try again. If the error persists, contact the administrator by writing to support infona.

You can change the active elements on the page buttons and links by pressing a combination of keys:. I accept. Polski English Login or register account. Weighted feedback reclaiming for multimedia applications. Palopoli, L. Abstract Resource reservations are a very popular choice to schedule multimedia tasks.

However, the high variability of the resource requirements hinders a static choice of the scheduling parameters.

In this paper we address this problem by a combination of two strategies: adaptive reservations and resource reclaiming. The first one operates ldquolocallyrdquo using the information of a single taskthe second one operates ldquogloballyrdquo distributing unused bandwidth between the tasks.

In this paper, we show by analytical results and by extensive simulations that the two techniques can be safely and usefully combined. Authors Close. Assign yourself or invite other person as author. It allow to create list of users contirbution. Assignment does not change access privileges to resource content. Wrong email address. You're going to remove this assignment. Are you sure? Yes No. Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna. Keywords telecommunication congestion control multimedia systems resource allocation scheduling multimedia scheduling weighted feedback reclaiming resource reclaiming resource reservations adaptive reservations Bandwidth Streaming media Multimedia communication Quality of service Evolution biology Heuristic algorithms Upper bound telecommunication congestion control multimedia systems resource allocation scheduling multimedia scheduling weighted feedback reclaiming resource reclaiming resource reservations adaptive reservations Bandwidth Streaming media Multimedia communication Quality of service Evolution biology Heuristic algorithms Upper bound.

Additional information Data set: ieee. Publisher IEEE.Thus, the differences between the distributions of frequencies in individual rows (or columns) and in the respective margins informs us about the relationship between the crosstabulated variables. Column, Row, and Total Percentages. The example in the previous paragraph demonstrates that in order to evaluate relationships between crosstabulated variables, we need to compare the proportions of marginal and individual column or row frequencies.

Such comparisons are easiest to perform when the frequencies are presented as percentages. Graphical Representations of Crosstabulations. For analytic purposes, the individual rows or columns of a table can be represented as column graphs.

weighted feedback reclaiming for multimedia applications

However, often it is useful to visualize the entire table in a single graph. Stub-and-Banner tables, or Banners for short, are a way to display several two-way tables in a compressed form. This type of table is most easily explained with an example. Let us return to the survey of sports spectators example.

In the table above, we see the two-way tables of expressed interest in Football by expressed interest in Baseball, Tennis, and Boxing. The table entries represent percentages of rows, so that the percentages across columns will add up to 100 percent. For example, the number in the upper left hand corner of the Scrollsheet (92.

Further down we can see that the percent of those always interested in watching football, given that they were always interested in watching tennis was 87. The percentages in the last column (Row Total) are always relative to the total number of cases. Multi-way Tables with Control Variables. When only two variables are crosstabulated, we call the resulting table a two-way table. However, the general idea of crosstabulating values of variables can be generalized to more than just two variables.

For example, to return to the "soda" example presented earlier (see above), a third variable could be added to the data set. This variable might contain information about the state in which the study was conducted (either Nebraska or New York).

GENDER SODA STATE case 1 case 2 case 3 case 4 case 5. NEBRASKA NEW YORK NEBRASKA NEBRASKA NEW YORK. The crosstabulation of these variables would result in a 3-way table: STATE: NEW YORK STATE: NEBRASKA SODA: A SODA: B SODA: A SODA: B G:MALE 20 30 50 5 45 50 G:FEMALE 30 20 50 45 5 50 50 50 100 50 50 100 Theoretically, an unlimited number of variables can be crosstabulated in a single multi-way table.

However, research practice shows that it is usually difficult to examine and "understand" tables that involve more than 4 variables. It is recommended to analyze relationships between the factors in such tables using modeling techniques such as Log-Linear Analysis or Correspondence Analysis. Graphical Representations of Multi-way Tables. You can produce "double categorized" histograms, 3D histograms,Batches (cascades) of graphs can be used to summarize higher-way tables (as shown in the graph below).

Crosstabulations generally allow us to identify relationships between the crosstabulated variables. The following table illustrates an example of a very strong relationship between two variables: variable Age (Adult vs.

Child) and variable Cookie preference (A vs. COOKIE: A COOKIE: B AGE: ADULT 50 0 50 AGE: CHILD 0 50 50 50 50 100 All adults chose cookie A, while all children chose cookie B. However, in real-life, relations between variables are typically much weaker, and thus the question arises as to how to measure those relationships, and how to evaluate their reliability (statistical significance).

The techniques used to analyze simultaneous relations between more than two variables in higher order crosstabulations are discussed in the context of the Log-Linear Analysis module and the Correspondence Analysis.

The Pearson Chi-square is the most common test for significance of the relationship between categorical variables. This measure is based on the fact that we can compute the expected frequencies in a two-way table (i. For example, suppose we ask 20 males and 20 females to choose between two brands of soda pop (brands A and B). If there is no relationship between preference and gender, then we would expect about an equal number of choices of brand A and brand B for each sex.Windows: Unpack the ZIP file.

Rename the resulting folder to something unique like "Android Studio Preview.

A IEEE 802.11e HCCA Scheduler with a Reclaiming Mechanism for Multimedia Applications

To make the preview version available in your Start menu, right-click studio64. Mac: Unpack the ZIP file. Drag the app file into your Applications folder. Linux: Unpack the ZIP file. Rename the resulting folder to something unique like "android-studio-preview. Change your update channel By default, each Android Studio installation receives updates corresponding to the channel you originally downloaded (Canary, Beta, or Stable).

Be sure that Automatically check for updates is checked, and then select a channel from the drop-down list. When a new version of Android Studio is available for your channel, you'll receive a bubble notification in the IDE. Newsletter Blog Support Join user studies This site uses cookies to store your preferences for site-specific language and display options.

OK Get the latest Android developer news and tips that will help you find success on Google Play. Take a short survey. Help us improve the Android developer experience. RoomsColoursEffectsSizesTypesCatalogueConfiguratorCalculatorInspirationLaying 20mm Video tutorialMarazzi's blog is dedicated to experts in the field of ceramics, design and architecture.

A space for comparing ideas and open dialogue. A selection of architectural projects created worldwide with Marazzi ceramics: homes, shops, offices, restaurants, schools, hospitals, airports, and designer exteriorsFind the ideal product for your home or for your project.

Unknown error

A high degree of variation in the patterning and different shades, available in the 58x116 and 58x58 cm size, emphasise the gleaming beauty of the honed finish, ideal for countless compositional solutions. Do you want to know all details about technology, sizes and effects of this collection. Pinch accurately evokes the details, colours and varied patterning that have made Venetian Seminato (or terrazzo.

Porcelain marble tiles inspired by precious marbles: Lasa, Statuario, Raffaello, Altissimo, Travertino, Saint Laurent and Frapuccino. White marble with lots of bold contrasting veining and fine black marble shot through with subtle.This is a easy to follow service that requires very little time to place all the advised bets. A win for either side would put three points between them and temporarily at least close th.

Read reviews, leave reviews and try tipsters out for free. Together we will find the right service for you. Golf betting expert is a consistently and profitable service. I recommend this tipster. Add to this the monthly subscription and you'd have to be getting winners, not places regualrly. I've spoken to you about this problem Craig: by the time you send out your advices the odds have dropped dramatically and therefore I end up just betting a few.

It is for this reason that I've made this month my last with you. Think about giving yourself the benefit by giving us a couple of months free. This way, you may be able to show your true worth. Also, If I came back to you, your fees would have to be a lot less each month. With far too little variety and far too many points outlayed. I have been into my Golf betting for a number of years and have been involved with both Golf Betting expert and SJP Golf Tips. The latter being much more consistent over many many months, offering more market variety to boost returns.

Microsoft Forms - Auto graded quiz questions

This service is too one dimensions to be outlaying as much as 40pts in a single week. Given his historical record I was very disappointed to catch it at such a horrible run of form. I wasn't able to get the each way portion of several bets but that washed out since all but a few lost anyway. With golf you don't expect a higher strike rate but when you're throwing out 30-40 points of tips per week some returns are vital to not blow a betting bank.

When you go a few weeks with blanks that's the bank done. An average week can see tips from 3-4 different tournaments and up to 5-6 selections in those events. Given my experience it would be a 1 star review but I'm respecting the history and giving a 3.

However, I'd highly advise you do the 1 pound trial month and use small stakes to see if form has returned before using larger stake amounts. I simply couldn't justify paying another monthly membership with nothing but losses to show after 4 months. The odds were hardly ever achievable and the problem I found was that many tips were out before the extra place offers were released so you missed these. If you are doing worthwhile stakes, I suggest deep pockets in the first instance.

As close as you can get to a guaranteed profit in the gambling world. Tips are sent out earlier than anyone else allowing me to get the best odds available and plenty of time to place the bets. Amazing how he is able to pick regular winners at long odds. He certainly knows his stuff. Here's to more winners from Craig!. Winner at 46 and a place too at 51.The visitor is warned to act exclusively at his own discretion and risk.

As a team in betting community worldwide, we are dedicated to provide you correct, valid and profitable information. Our purpose is only your maximum profit through professional betting based on strategy and particular gainful methods.

Here you will find the most useful tips for any sport, league or competition. All tips included in BetOracle. Tipsters must explain their arguments for each tip, set the odds, set the stake and select the bookmaker they will place their bet on. Community members can then check and rate the quality of that tip. All these steps help you to personally decide whether a tip is reliable or not.

Besides, you can follow a tip, comment on it, share it on social networks or even report it if it contains any mistaken information. Once a game is finished, our software checks the results and automatically calculates the number of won and lost tips and generates the win rate for each tipster. You can then check the ranking to find out who got the most correct tips.

The community at BetOracle. Our site allows you to easily check their personal stats, follow them or even get alerts on your smartphone every time a new tip is published. Community rated tips, bookmakers comparison services, live scores and pretty much all the information you need to know before placing a bet. Tips Bookies Bonuses Log in Forgot your password. Betoracle team work hard everyday to bring you the most up-to-date odds.

The odds are subject to change by the operators at any moment. Don't forget to always check the odds at the bookmaker site before placing your bets. The teams to watch out for today(i mean exclusively for serious betting) are Paris saint Germain Manchester united Chelsea Bayern munich PARIS SAINT GERMAIN i feel paris saint germain will win celtic fc because they have a more superior team than celtic.

weighted feedback reclaiming for multimedia applications

The likes of kylian mbappe who is willing to show the world that he is not a waste, he would probably do something. The big name NEYMAR. Thats what he gets for being the most expensive player on the planet.

Moreover, he is probably feeling he is going to be the next after messi and ronaldo. They have a great defence also and a fairly good midfield. The goal difference between the both teams should be atleast a gap of 2.Bob Lord, Chief Digital Officer, IBM Interviewed by: Zach Rodgers, Executive Editor, AdExchangerThe last few years have given the "principals" in the programmatic transaction - marketers and publishers - plenty of reasons to question its value.

From brand safety to ad fraud to agency rebates and price transparency issues, ad tech has had its share of trouble. And yet the industry continues to grow in spite of it all. Is 2018 the year the technology ecosystem moves beyond its "trust issues". This panel will explore the question, and provide a roadmap for how to move forward.

Barrett, CEO, Rubicon Project Brian O'Kelley, CEO and Co-Founder, AppNexus Brett Wilson, VP and General Manager, Advertising, Adobe Moderated by: Sarah Sluis, Senior Editor, AdExchangerThe General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is an effort by the European Commission to shift the balance of power in favor of consumers so that they can determine and command when a company can or cannot use their personal data to drive business decisions.

This session will explore how your strategies, technologies and operations must change to be compliant with the Regulation, and how good, early preparation will help you thrive in this stricter environment.

Melissa Parrish, VP, Research Director, ForresterA special presentation from the native advertising software company, Sharethrough. Dan Greenberg, CEO, SharethroughGreat Chief Marketing Officers (CMOs) are hard to find - ask any board. Blodget will discuss media trends in the year ahead as well as provide an inside view on the next steps for BI under owner Axel Springer SE, the leading digital publisher in Europe.

Henry Blodget, CEO and Editor, Business Insider Interviewed by: Sara Fischer, Media Reporter, AxiosQuantcast Co-Founder and CEO Konrad Feldman looks at the year ahead as his company pursues a strategy based on artificial intelligence (AI) technology and its application for brands, agencies and publishers.

Konrad Feldman, Co-Founder and CEO, QuantcastCBS is looking at creating new and improved ways in 2018 for their clients to buy their TV show lineup and all CBS content across its broadcast and digital platforms. JoAnn Ross will discuss her company's plans and the important trends she sees in the year ahead. Getting there requires industry collaboration, strong data science and airtight privacy. The CEOs of some of the world's largest audience and data platforms will survey the landscape, discussing how they and their peers are moving toward a world of "known" users.

He'll provide insights on the huge opportunity ahead he sees for his company. In this fireside chat, Steve King, Publicis Media's CEO, will discuss his view on how the agency is achieving its mission. Steve King, CEO, Publicis Media Interviewed by: Brian Wieser, Sr.

Brian Andersen, Partner, LUMATwo days focused on what to expect in the next 12 months in marketing technology. Hear the leaders of the advertising and marketing technology ecosystem reveal new visions for 2018 and beyond. Get unparalleled insight into the latest ideas, trends and technologies that are shaping the marketing and advertising world.

Must book by January 4, 2018. Entire tickets may be transferred prior to event start, but cannot be transferred after ticket-holder has checked into the event. With a decade on the buy side of acquisitions, Brian has extensive experience in setting strategy, executing acquisitions and successfully integrating acquired companies. Before Interwoven, he was a member of the executive staff at Phoenix Technologies, where he was responsible for corporate development, government affairs and special projects for the CEO.

Michael was most recently chief executive officer and president at Millennial Media (NYSE:MM), a leading independent mobile ad technology company.

weighted feedback reclaiming for multimedia applications

Previously he has served as president and founder of Ichabod Farm Ventures LLC, a private investment firm he established after working as executive vice president and chief revenue officer of Yahoo.

He earlier worked at Google, where he led integration efforts following the acquisition of Admeld Inc. He has also served as executive vice president and chief revenue officer at Fox Interactive Media, as executive vice president of sales and partnerships at AOL Media Networks and in senior sales positions at GeoCities and Disney Online. He majored in economics at The College of the Holy Cross and serves on the boards of MediaMath, MightyTV and The College of the Holy Cross.

Brad is responsible for global product management for the Google Display Network, DoubleClick Bid Manager, DoubleClick Campaign Manager, DoubleClick Audience Center, Gmail monetization, and other emerging display and video advertising businesses.